Wed. Sep 28th, 2022

1st Buddhist Council

▪️Place: Rajgriha, Bihar Ruler: Ajatshatru
▪️Accomplishment: Buddha’s teachings were compiled into Sutta Pitaka (Ananda) and Vinaya Pitaka (Upali)

2nd Buddhist Council

▪️Place: Vaishali Ruler: Kalashoka (Shishunaga dynasty)
▪️Accomplishment: Buddhist sangha was divided into schools i.e. Theravadi or Sthavira and Mahasanghik
or Sarvastivadin.
▪️Theravadi is the oldest Buddhist school with its main
centre in Kashmir.
▪️Mahasanghik’s main center was in Magadha.

3rd Buddhist Council

▪️Place: Pataliputra Ruler: Ashoka
▪️Accomplishment: Compilation of the third pitaka i.e. Abhidhamma Pitaka which explains the tenets of
Dhamma.

4th Buddhist Council

▪️Place: Kashmir Ruler: Kanishka
▪️Accomplishment: Compilation of Vibhashashastra by Vasumitra, a commentary in Sanskrit on the difficult
aspects of Buddhist texts.

Buddhists again broke into 2 schools i.e. Theravadi or Sthavira became Hinayana and Sarvastivadin or Mahasanghik became Mahayana schools.

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