1st Buddhist Council
▪️Place: Rajgriha, Bihar Ruler: Ajatshatru
▪️Accomplishment: Buddha’s teachings were compiled into Sutta Pitaka (Ananda) and Vinaya Pitaka (Upali)
2nd Buddhist Council
▪️Place: Vaishali Ruler: Kalashoka (Shishunaga dynasty)
▪️Accomplishment: Buddhist sangha was divided into schools i.e. Theravadi or Sthavira and Mahasanghik
▪️Theravadi is the oldest Buddhist school with its main
centre in Kashmir.
▪️Mahasanghik’s main center was in Magadha.
3rd Buddhist Council
▪️Place: Pataliputra Ruler: Ashoka
▪️Accomplishment: Compilation of the third pitaka i.e. Abhidhamma Pitaka which explains the tenets of
4th Buddhist Council
▪️Place: Kashmir Ruler: Kanishka
▪️Accomplishment: Compilation of Vibhashashastra by Vasumitra, a commentary in Sanskrit on the difficult
aspects of Buddhist texts.
Buddhists again broke into 2 schools i.e. Theravadi or Sthavira became Hinayana and Sarvastivadin or Mahasanghik became Mahayana schools.